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What Are The Types, Symptoms and Treatment of Tendonitis?

What is Tendinitis?

Tendonitis is an injury to the tendon, fiber is a reason for joining muscle to bone, similar to a rope. It is determined by swelling and tendon pain, which can hurt any part of your body.

The tendons help to transmit the strength and control movement of the muscles. That’s why tendonitis can make it troublesome and even difficult for the patient to move.

What Are The Types of Tendinitis?

The most common types of tendonitis are the following:

      • Tendonitis on the shoulder
      • Tendonitis in the knee
      • Tendonitis in the foot
      • Tendinitis in the wrist
      • Tendonitis in the arm
      • Tendonitis in the thumb
      • Tendonitis in the hand
      • Tendinitis in the elbow

What is tendonitis in the shoulder?

Shoulder tendonitis is inflammation or irritation of the shoulder tendon, which causes severe pain, affectability to contact, and trouble in movement because of the rigid joint.

It is usually more usual in individuals who practice sports, such as weight training, swimming, tennis, handball, volleyball, and Crossfit. Of course, rotator cuff tendonitis is additionally called “tennis player’s shoulder”.

Sometimes, it requires immobilization with a sling for full healing and non-intrusive treatment.

What is tendonitis in the knee?

Tendonitis in the knee is an injury of the patella of the knee structures that form. It is also called “patellar tendonitis”. It normally affects people who move the knee with steady bouncing and running, such as playing football, volleyball, and running race, etc.

Patellar tendonitis usually is considerably more normal in overweight and sedentary individuals, because of the overloaded weight on their knees – which are not enough strong to bear such a load. 

Those with level feet and wide hips are in more danger of creating patellar tendonitis, because of the misalignment of other lower appendages with their knees.

What is tendonitis in the foot?

Foot tendonitis is known as Achilles or tendonitis calcaneus tendinitis. It is an incendiary injury that influences the Achilles tendon, the tendon that joins the heel to the calf.

Pain is mostly felt when strolling and getting up, as these are movements in the affected part.

This kind of tendonitis can occur because of the regular utilization of shoes without the elevation of the heel. Moreover, to the weakness of the lower leg muscles or heavyweight in training.

People with rheumatoid arthritis or who have suffered sports wounds, for example, cracks and injuries, typically have more danger of foot tendonitis.

What is tendonitis in the wrist?

Wrist tendonitis is an injury that causes numbness, and stiffness in the wrist, just as pain while moving it.

In general, this injury will be more regular in individuals who do manual activities, for example, the individuals who go through the day composing and typing. Accordingly, it is named a Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI).

What is tendonitis in the arm?

Tendonitis in the arm is an inflammation that, similar to wrist tendonitis, generally shows up because of repetitive efforts. A few exercises that make this injury normally are playing instruments, cooking, washing, and cleaning the house for quite a long time.

This way, this kind of tendonitis is more frequent in athletes, teachers, musicians, domestic workers, and mechanics.

It can bring about challenges to move the arm, nearly upwards, weakness, and trouble holding big things.

What is tendonitis in the thumb?

Tendonitis in the thumb is an injury that hurts the tendon that joins the thumb to the wrist. It is also called “tenosynovitis”, “De Quervain syndrome” or “De Quervain disease”.

The reason is as yet unclear, yet a few researchers accept that this kind of tendonitis is related to keeping up a similar situation for a long time and a lack of stretching.

As a rule, Quervain’s tendonitis is unilateral, hurt just one hand. The pain radiates from the wrist to the thumb or lower arm.

What is tendonitis in the hand?

This injury influences the “back of the hands”, leading to tingling, swelling, burning. It can cause inconvenience as though an elastic band is being stretched to the maximum.

It is more usual in workers who for the most part, deal with repetitive and manual work, for example, typists, cleaning ladies, visual artists, and bricklayers.

What is tendonitis in the elbow?

Tendonitis in the elbow is also known as “epicondylitis”, causing extreme pain while moving the arm. Regardless of beginning in the elbow, it can bring about weakness from the whole arm to the wrist.

Epicondylitis, like this, can be isolated into two classifications:

      • Lateral epicondylitis: pain felt in the bone close to the elbow’s outer side.
      • Medial epicondylitis: pain felt in the bone within the elbow.

Medial epicondylitis usually is more intense than lateral pain, particularly when the patient attempts to get an article or stretch.

What causes tendonitis

The tendon isn’t as reliable as bone or as muscle, so on account of heavyweight, the structure gets affect mostly.

Hence, the reasons for tendonitis are mainly related to some risk factors that outcome tendon overload.

Bursitis and Tendonitis

Bursitis and tendinitis frequently confused. This confusion happens because bursitis is the inflammation of the bursae, structures near the tendons, and presents side effects like tendinitis.

To separate, physical and picture tests are necessary. Now and then, tendonitis can lead to bursitis and the other way around.

Cramp and Tendonitis

Cramp is a pain of an unexpected part, related to muscle contracture. In this way, it is transient and exceptionally dependable, presumably coming about because of some particular movement.

This is very not quite the same as tendonitis, which is an insidious and longer-lasting pain. The medical examination done by the specialist is the ideal approach to make this separation.

What are the symptoms of tendonitis?

The most common tendonitis symptoms are the following:

        • Local pain (which can radiate to all muscles around)
        • Weakness
        • Loss of strength
        • Muscle atrophy
        • Swelling
        • Hot
        • Tingling
        • Loss of mobility
        • Redness
        • Bites and pain when moving

Diagnosis of Tendonitis

If you are not sure about how to determine tendonitis, the experts for this are:

      • Orthopedist
      • Physiotherapist
      • Rheumatologist

The diagnosis of tendonitis is typically made through experiences that the patient tells the specialist and thorough physical examination. The expert will search for indications of pain and affectability in the spots told by the patient. There are specific physical tests for each type of tendon.

However, the specialist may demand an imaging exam that he considers proper to ensure the analysis, evaluate the level of inflammation. Additionally, to eliminate other possible causes of pain.


        • Physical exams
        • Imaging exams
        • Seeking medical help

Mostly tendonitis resolve in a couple of days with the rest of the affected area. The ideal is to see the specialist if the symptoms persist.

In the consultation, describe every one of your indications and pose inquiries. Be prepared, as well, to respond to the specialist’s inquiries. Here are a few examples:

        • Where are you in pain?
        • When did the pain start?
        • Did a physical issue cause the injury?
        • Do you have pain while sleeping?
        • Which sports do you play?
        • Takes care of your work include repetition of movements?
        • Did you notice any swelling?
        • Do you feel pain when making a few movements? Which are?

How to treat tendonitis

Tendonitis treatment can be divided into certain classifications, depending upon the area, force, and intensity.

How to heal tendonitis

        • Rest and keep away from movements of the affected area 
        • Make compresses
        • Physiotherapy for analgesia
        • Perform acupuncture
        • Using anti-inflammatory medications

The specialist should decide the resting time – prolonged rest periods can lead to adhesions and muscle atrophy and are unsafe.

There are as yet the individuals who wonder about the most reasonable compress for tendonitis. Marcel Tomonori Sera’s physiotherapist indicates that the idea is to make ice packs for intense cases and boiling water packs for persistent patients.

How to prevent tendonitis

        • Avoid repetitive movements
        • Exercise regularly
        • Stretch during the day
        • Pay attention to posture
        • Do not exceed intensity or weight during exercise
        • Never forget to stretch before and after exercise

The prevention of tendonitis is focused on “strengthening the tendon and correcting movement during sports practice, that is, improving sports technique”, says orthopedist João Hollanda.


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